Hangovers: Understand, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment


According to Harvard University hangovers is a set of symptoms that occur after consuming alcohol excessively, usually the morning after a night of heavy drinking. Common symptoms include headache, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, sensitivity to light and sound, dehydration and muscle aches. Hangovers are typically the result of alcohol’s effects on the body, including dehydration, inflammation, disrupted sleep patterns, and the buildup of toxins in the body as alcohol is metabolized.

Overview of Hangovers:

It happens when someone feels sick after drinking alcohol, usually the next day. Drinking too much alcohol can cause it because it makes the body lose water, messes up the balance of minerals in the body, disrupts sleep, and makes the body inflamed. How bad it feels depends on how much alcohol a person drank and how well they slept. It’s hard to say exactly how much alcohol causes a hangover because it’s different for everyone. It depends on things like how well they slept, if they drank enough water, and how fast they drank alcohol. So in this article, we’ll talk about why hangovers happen and ways to feel better if you have one. We’ll also discuss what makes a hangover worse.

Is There a Cure?

Although there’s no surefire way to cure it,  people can feel better by doing a few things. These include:

  • Getting enough sleep
  • Drinking lots of water
  • Eating healthy foods
  • Replenishing electrolytes

Taking over the counter drugs like ibuprofen can also help with inflammation which might make headaches and body aches feel better. A hangover usually goes away on its own as the body gets rid of the alcohol. Most of the time people start feeling within about 24 hours. Here are some things that might make you feel better. Such as:

  • Drinking water
  • Eating nutritious foods
  • Eating bland fruits
  • Eating fruit
  • Resting
  • Taking medications

If you have a cure situation, it’s not a good idea to take painkillers or any other medicines that have acetaminophen in them. Acetaminophen can hurt your liver just like alcohol does. So, it’s best to avoid mixing the two. Some things people think will cure a hangover don’t really work. For example, some people believe in the hair of the dog method which means drinking more alcohol to feel better. But doctors say this isn’t a good idea. It might just make your hangover last longer.

What are the Symptoms of Hangovers?

The symptoms generally start when blood alcohol levels drop considerably. This usually happens the morning after drinking. Symptoms of it include:

  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Excessive thirst
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Bad breath known as halitosis
  • Excessive saliva known as hyper salivation
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Fatigue
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Low mood
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
  • Trembling or shaking

If this cure condition symptoms are severe during or after a bout of drinking the person may have alcohol poisoning. This is a medical emergency. If anyone has the following symptoms of alcohol poisoning, seek medical aid as soon as possible:

  • Irregular breathing
  • Slow breathing, or fewer than 8 inhalations per minute
  • Low body temperature
  • Very pale or blue-tinged skin
  • Continuous vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Fits of seizures
  • Unconsciousness

The symptoms of alcohol poisoning can vary in sensitivity. Some people experience certain symptoms more severely than others.

What are the Causes of Hangovers?

Drinking alcohol causes a cure condition for the following reasons:

  • Dehydration
  • Immune system response
  • Stomach irritation
  • A drop in blood sugar
  • Dilated blood vessels
  • Poor quality sleep
  • Congeners
  • Toxic byproducts

The body needs time to process alcohol. Drinking more alcohol before the body has been able to process the alcohol already present increases the likelihood of a hangover.

What are the Risk Factors of Hangovers?

Several factors can influence the severity of a hangover and how you feel the morning after drinking. These include:

  • Amount of alcohol consumed
  • Type of alcohol
  • Hydration level
  • Overall health
  • Sleep quality
  • Individual tolerance
  • Empty stomach vs. full stomach
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Medications
  • Biological factors
  • Health conditions

These factors and practicing moderation when drinking alcohol, you can help minimize the likelihood and severity of hangovers. Remember to stay hydrated, eat before drinking, and listen to your body’s signals to avoid overconsumption.

What is the Diagnosis of Hangovers?

Most people don’t typically seek medical help for a hangover as the symptoms are usually self-diagnosed based on their experience the morning after drinking the alcohol. Common symptoms include tiredness, dry mouth, headaches, nausea, difficulty concentrating and sensitivity to light and sound. However, if you find that frequent hangovers are significantly impacting your quality of a life, such as affecting your personal relationship or performance at school or work, it may be worth discussing with a healthcare professional. They can provide support and guidance, and if needed offer treatment options for alcohol-related issues. The treatment for alcohol-related problems is widely available, ranging from counseling and support groups to medical interventions. Seeking help is a positive step towards improving your overall well-being and managing any concerns related to alcohol consumption.

What is the Treatment of Hangovers?

Hangovers don’t have a specific treatment, but there are things you can do to feel better:

  • Eat something
  • Drinking water
  • Rest
  • Pain relief
  • Replenish electrolyte
  • Ginger
  • Peppermint
  • Avoid more alcohol
  • Have a snack
  • Go back to the bed

Remember, the best way to avoid a hangover is to drink alcohol in moderation. If you’re concerned about your drinking habits, talk to your healthcare professionals for help and support.

What are the Preventions of Hangovers?

Certainly, here are some preventive measure to help reduce the chances of experiencing a hangover:

  • Moderate alcohol consumption
  • Stay hydrate
  • Eat before drinking
  • A good break fast
  • Choose drinks wisely
  • Avoid mixing alcohol
  • Take breaks
  • Drinking water
  • Get plenty of sleep
  • Avoid congeners
  • Taking supplements
  • Consider your health
  • Measuring your drinks
  • Plan transportation
  • Pacing yourself

By implementing these preventive measures and being mindful of your alcohol consumption, you can help reduce the likelihood of experiencing a hangover and enjoy alcohol responsibly.

What Can I Do to Cure Hangovers?

If you’re dealing with a hangover, here are some things you can do do to help yourself feel better:

  • Hydrate
  • Rest
  • Eat a balanced meal
  • Take pain relievers
  • Replenish electrolyte
  • Try ginger or peppermint
  • Avoid more alcohol

Remember, time is the best cure for a hangover. Your body needs time to process the alcohol and recover. Be patient with yourself and give your body the care it needs to feel better. Here are some tips that may help reduce the chance of a hangover.

  • Eat foods
  • Drinking water
  • Ibuprofen
  • Rehydration

Here are some common hangover cure myths:

  • Hair of the dog
  • Greasy food
  • Coffee
  • Sweating it out
  • Taking painkillers
  • Hangover pills

Which Drinks Can Help Treat Hangovers?

While there’s no magic for a hangover, certain drinks may help alleviate some symptoms. Here are a few options:

These drinks may provide some relief, the best way to prevent a hangover is to drink alcohol in moderation and stay hydrated while drinking. If you’re experiencing severe or persistent hangover symptoms, it’s essential to seek medical attention.

Which Drinks to Avoid in Hangovers?

Not all drinks are good treatments for hangovers. It is advisable for people to avoid the following beverages:

  • Alcohol
  • Caffeine
  • Drinks with added sugar
  • Salty drinks

Can Drinking Coffee Treat the Hangover?

Drinking coffee is a common remedy that many people turn to when they have a hangover because of its caffeine content. Caffeine is a stimulant that can temporarily increase alertness and reduce feelings of fatigue. However, while coffee may help you feel more awake and alert, it does not treat the underlying causes of a hangover. In fact, coffee causes hangover symptoms like headaches and fatigue. Additionally, caffeine can further irritate an already upset stomach, making nausea and digestive discomfort worse for some individuals. While a cup of a coffee may provide temporary relief from grogginess, it’s essential to prioritize hydration and replenishing electrolytes by drinking water or electrolytes-rich beverages to effectively alleviate hangover symptoms. Additionally, getting rest and consuming nutritious foods can also support your body’s recovery process after drinking alcohol.

Can Cure Hangover Headaches?

While there is no instant cure for a hangover headache, there are several steps you can take to alleviate the pain and discomfort:

  • Pain relief
  • Rest
  • Hydrate
  • Cold compress
  • Caffeine
  • Eat nutritious foods
  • Natural remedies

Drinking alcohol in moderation, staying hydrated and getting before and during alcohol consumption can help reduce the likelihood and severity of hangover symptoms, including headaches. If you frequently experience severe or persistent headaches after drinking alcohol, it’s essential to speak with a healthcare professional for further evaluation and management.

Which Foods are Best for a Hangover?

When it comes to alleviating hangover symptoms, consuming certain foods and drinks can help replenish lost nutrients, hydrate the body and provide relief from common symptoms. Here are some of the best foods and drinks for them. Such as:

  • Water
  • Ginger tea
  • Bananas
  • Electrolyte-rich beverages
  • Chicken soup
  • Oatmeal
  • Eggs
  • Fruits juice
  • Toast and crackers
  • Herbal teas
  • Dark leafy greens
  • Healthful carbs
  • Vegetables juice

In addition, these foods and drinks, it’s essential to listen to your body’s cues, rest, and prioritize self-care to support recovery from a hangover. Eating a balanced meal with a combination of carbohydrates, proteins, healthy fats, and vitamins and minerals can help replenish nutrients and support well-being.


Are hangovers good or bad?

A hangover is when you feel sick after drinking too much alcohol. Besides feeling terrible, having lots of hangovers is also connected to doing poorly at home, school, or work, and having arguments.

What drink causes less of a hangover?

Drinking beverages with fewer chemicals called congeners, like beer, vodka, and wine may lead to fewer hangover symptoms compared to drinks with more congeners, like brandy, whiskey, and rum.

Can sleeping help with a hangover?

Sleeping can make you feel better during a hangover but it won’t make it go away completely. After drinking alcohol, it might be harder to get good sleep but if you can manage it, it will help.

Does showering help with a hangover?

Taking a shower won’t make your hangover go away faster. Hangovers are unpleasant and while a shower might make you feel refreshed; it won’t make the symptoms disappear.

Does eating pizza help with a hangover?

Eating foods high in carbs like bread, crackers, sandwiches, and pasta can be easy on your stomach, which is what your body needs after drinking. However, the idea that foods like tacos, pizza, and burgers, can soak up alcohol is a myth. Greasy food doesn’t actually absorb alcohol because it’s not soluble in water.

Can I use paracetamol for a hangover?

Avoid taking acetaminophen (Tylenol, Paracetamol, etc.) with alcohol because it can harm your liver and even be fatal. If you want to use it for its symptoms, wait until most of the alcohol has left your body (the liver processes about one standard drink per hour).

Is yogurt good for a hangover?

Greek yogurt can be helpful because alcohol can dehydrate you and make it difficult for your body to regulate blood sugar. Yogurt contains protein and carbs which can help stabilize blood sugar levels. You can also add a banana for extra help with your condition.

Is ice-cream good for a hangover?

Ice cream can help with nausea like other cold dairy foods. The sugar in ice cream can also give you an energy boost. You can easily make an ice cream float by scooping ice cream into a glass and pouring Coke over it.

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